Pattern of Retinopathy: Although the locus of toxic damage is parafoveal in many eyes, Asian patients often show an extramacular pattern of damage. Dose: We recommend a maximum daily HCQ use of 5.0 mg/kg real weight, which correlates better with risk than ideal weight. Plaquenil and celiac Hydroxychloroquine 200 mg tab ranb Find user ratings and reviews for Plaquenil oral on WebMD including side effects and drug interactions, medication effectiveness, ease of use and satisfaction Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine belong to the quinolone family. They are related drugs with similar clinical indications for use and similar manifestations of retinal toxicity, although their therapeutic and toxic doses differ. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate HCQ, Plaquenil is an analogue of chloroquine CQ, an antimalarial agent, used for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders. Its use has been associated with severe retinal toxicity, requiring a discontinuation of therapy. Risk of Toxicity: The risk of toxicity is dependent on daily dose and duration of use. There are no similar demographic data for CQ, but dose comparisons in older literature suggest using 2.3 mg/kg real weight. Management of plaquenil maculopathy Ocular Side effects of Oral Medications Flashcards Quizlet, Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity Treatment. Methotrexate plaquenil alcoholDas psychosis induced by hydroxychloroquinePlaquenil crest syndromePlaquenil chemo Hydroxychloroquine, sold under the brand name Plaquenil Sanofi-Aventis, is an antimalarial drug that has gained widespread use in treating various autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. 1 By some estimates, more than 150,000 patients are on long-term therapy with this medication in America alone. 2 Retinal toxicity associated with HCQ use is. Multimodal Imaging in Plaquenil Toxicity. Retinal toxicity associated with chronic exposure to hydroxychloroquine.. Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American.. Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets contain 200 mg hydroxychloroquine sulfate, equivalent to 155 mg base, and are for oral administration. These medications are initially used in the prophylaxis and treatment of malaria. Plaquenil has replaced chloroquine because it produces less retinal side effects. Aside from its initial intended use, it has been also used for the management of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and several other connective tissue disorders 1. Toxic maculopathy associated with chloroquine use was first documented in the literature five decades ago.1 In the United States, Plaquenil––an analog to chloroquine––is used to treat a variety of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and several distinct inflammatory disorders.