Chloroquine endocytosis

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  1. Vasiliy5 Well-Known Member

    Chloroquine endocytosis


    It accumulates inside the acidic parts of the cell, including endosomes and lysosomes. This accumulation leads to inhibition of lysosomal enzymes that require an acidic p H, and prevents fusion of endosomes and lysosomes. TLR7/8-Mediated Activation of Human NK Cells Results in Accessory Cell-Dependent IFN- Production.

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    It is reported that betanodaviruses enter fish cells by endocytosis and the presence of 1 μmol/L chloroquine inhibits the entry and infection of betanodaviruses in vitro Adachi et al. 2007. Feline calicivirus FCV is a major causative agent of respiratory disease in cats. Endocytosis occurs by a variety of mechanisms that are being dictated by the diversity of cargoes and cargo-specific transport kinetics, with the involvement of many genes. Table 1 lists the commonly studied genes involved in endocytosis and their antibodies cited among the articles in Labome's Validated Antibody Database. Chloroquine is widely used as an antimalarial drug, anti-inflammatory agent, and it also shows antiviral activity against several viruses. Here we show that chloroquine exhibits antiviral activity against ZIKV in Vero cells, human brain microvascular endothelial cells, human neural stem cells, and mouse neurospheres.

    Moreover, Chloroquine inhibits autophagy as it raises the lysosomal p H, which leads to inhibition of both fusion of autophagosome with lysosome and lysosomal protein degradation [4]. Chloroquine is commonly used to study the role of endosomal acidification in cellular processes [2, 3], such as the signaling of intracellular TLRs.

    Chloroquine endocytosis

    Inhibitors of clathrin-dependent endocytosis enhance TGFβ signaling and., Endocytosis

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  6. However, little is known about how the endocytosis of GM1 is regulated. In this study, the treatment of PC12 cells with chloroquine at low μM concentrations induced marked GM1 accumulation whereas that at high μM concentration, which is required for the inhibition of lysosomal activity, induced the GM1 disappearance.

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    Chloroquine is known to be a non-specific antiviral agent, but its effect on the Zika virus replication has not been evaluated yet. This is the first report of inhibitory effects of chloroquine on ZIKV replication, which, given the ongoing epidemics, may become interesting both for the scientific knowledge of the virus and for the clinical. Chloroquine does not inhibit BMP-mediated Smad signalling and transcription of target genes. Since chloroquine inhibits the internalization of BMPR-II, it is possible that signalling downstream of the receptor could be adversely affected by this intervention. In addition, off-target effects of chloroquine might negatively impact BMP signalling. Variations of endocytic and of lysosomal functions during the cell cycle have been investigated in synchronized hepatoma cells derived from Morris hepatoma 7288c by following the cellular uptake of horseradish peroxidase, dextran mol wt. 70,000, and chloroquine.

     
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  9. GL1 Well-Known Member

    Aging is associated with hypermethylation of autophagy. Aging is associated with hypermethylation of autophagy genes in macrophages Article PDF Available in Epigenetics 11500-00 February 2016 with 244 Reads How we measure 'reads'

    Trehalose-Induced Activation of Autophagy Improves Cardiac.
     
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